Vertical farming often falls in line with ‘indoor farming’, ‘urban agriculture’ and ‘controlled-environment agriculture’ (which also encompasses greenhouse cultivation), but the concept remains unique. With vertical farming, the growing takes place where factors such as temperature, nutrients, lighting, irrigation, and air circulation are constantly monitored and adjusted. These innovative farms use Traditional Hydroponics, Aquaponics and Aeroponics.
Vertical Farming is not a new concept. First invented in 1915 by American geologist Gilbert Ellis Bailey, the initial was understood as a sort of rooftop farming. The definition evolved as vertical farming moved indoors, and while definitions vary, most agree, vertical farming refers to the growing in stacked rows in a controlled environment.